Fibre to the cabinet, also known as FTTC, is one of two ways in which fibre optic broadband is being delivered to homes and businesses. In contrast to FTTC, is FTTP, Fibre to the Premises, which is directly to the homes and businesses without a cabinet inbetween.
FTTC is where there is a fibre connection from your local telephone exchange to a local cabinet on your street, which then has a copper connection from the cabinet to your premises. At the moment FTTC can provide download speeds of up to 80 Mbps as opposed to FTTP's 300+ Mbps.
Due to the superior speed, FTTP is a lot less common and is estimated at about £1000 per line. As a result, this means only a small minority of locations in the UK currently have FTTP connections, as time goes on ISPs will be rolling this out. There is however a lot of research working on trying to increase FTTC capacity with speeds of up to 500 Mbps.
Fibre to the premises, also known as FTTP, is one of the world's fastest types of fibre broadband with speeds of up to 330 Mbps. In contrast to FTTP, is FTTC, Fibre to the Cabinet.
FTTP is superior to FTTC as the fibre optic connection from the local exchange is connected directly to your premises, no copper involved.
FTTC, Fibre to the Cabinet, is where there is a fibre connection from your local telephone exchange to a local cabinet on your street, which then has a copper connection from the cabinet to your premises as seen below.